Wine is an alcoholic drink that is being consumed since the ancient times but was never has been the part of Indian culture. The Indian population is looking forward to quickly adopt the western culture. And when it comes to knowing about the Wine companies in India, it is analyzed that the industry is growing at steady rate. And today, wine has become the style statement for the people living in an urban society. They feel that the celebration would be incomplete without opening a bottle of wine. There are some major factors that played a vital role in increasing the wine consumption in India:
- Changing demography
- Rise in incomes of young Indian population
- Exposure to western culture
- Rise in visit of foreign tourists
- Relaxing Government regulations and policies
India’s domestic wine industry has taken a sight of their emerging wine consumption population mainly due to all of the international travel and satellite TV, as the Indian community has started paying attention to the variety of wines that are out there in the market. Secondly, the import duties charged on the wine could be around 250% of the wine’s market value. These factors acted as a strong motivator for the rise and development of Wine companies in India. On an average, the overall consumption of wine, beer, and liquor are rising at a rate of 30% every year.
Use of Oak –
Using oak barrels for storing and aging of wine is as old as winemaking. The real benefit that comes from using an oak barrel is that it accurately adds character to a wine, specifically aromas, and flavors. Furthermore, the complexity of controlled micro-oxidation is added through the barrel wood oak. Oak is a vital and often overlooked component in the world of producing a quality wine. Each factor from the size, type, age, grain, and treatment of an oak barrel significantly impacts the taste and aroma of the finished wine.
You surely have heard that the taste of wine is differentiated as the young or aged. As well as the terms also determine the duration period for which the wine was stored. A young wine is bottled recently whereas the aged wine has already been stored for years. The age of a wine decides the quality of it. A wine matures and gets a better taste by coming in contact with the oxygen through the cork inserted on the mouth of the bottle. When the bottle is kept for longer, the air inhibits the best quality of the wine in India. The time period for which the wine is stored determines the intensity and balance of aromas of the wine. Such as the young white wine is categorized through an acidic savor, while the young red wine is rich in tannins. For an aged red wine, the nasty sensation disappears with time as the texture of the wine gets more gentle and pleasant. Whereas an aged white wine will mature with a richer sugary texture.
Wine in India goes through the manufacturing process of producing organic wines. Organic wines are produced with naturally grown grapes, for which the vineyard manager needs to implement an entirely different set of methods and techniques to maintain the vines. But being organic doesn’t necessarily mean that a wine is vegan and doesn’t consider any additives. Instead, a number of additives are allowed even in an organic wine including yeast, egg whites, and sugar. The additives are allowed just to add the taste and flavor to the wine taste.
The techniques used to grow grapes are known as viticulture and the process of making the grapes subsequently into the wine is called as vinification. Keeping the vineyard free from diseases and picking up the finest grapes makes an ultimate difference to the quality and flavor of the wine. The number of grapes harvested per hectare of land is quoted in hectoliters per hectare, for example, 50 hl/ha. The number of grape bunches per hectare decides the intensity of the flavor of the wine.
Lighter than red wine and packed with different flavors, white wine is measured less collectible than the red wines. Every so often, high in acidity, white wine is at variance from red wine because of the lack of tannins, the vicious part of the grape skin giving red wine its color and distinguishing taste. In general, best white wine in India gossips in terms of its richness. Also, white wine does not age well, with limited prominent exceptions. Though the grapes that yield red wine are purple and/or black in color, the white wine is produced from either light yellow-green colored grapes like Chardonnay or light red-colored grapes such as Gewurztraminer and Pinot Gris. In order to preserve the acidity and light fruit flavor along with the crunchy and refreshing taste, white wine should be stored at a low temperature before drinking. Whites can be refrigerated at 55-60 degrees, whereas delicate sweet white wines have to be kept at 50-53 degrees. This is cooler than the refrigerating temperatures used for red wines. Wine lovers love to drink the white wine in a thinner glass than the glass which is used for consuming red wines.
A variety of grapes harvested at the Indian Vineyards:
- Chardonnay – Usually full-bodied, with fruit flavors varying from crisp flinty apple and lemon to classy stone-fruit characteristics of apricot and peach. The whole bunch of chardonnay requires careful attention to skin, stem and pip contact that affects the quantity of tannins which are typically ripped, structured and not harsh and overt. Depending on yeast features, some best white wine in India take on delicate earthy character which supplementary adds to the complexity of this grape type.
- Riesling – Aromatic and concentrated citrus of lemon and limes are the trademark characteristics of this grape variety. Riesling is generally low in alcohol quantity with the prominence on great fruit kick.
- Pinot Gris – Pinot Gris has the mass and richness qualities of Chardonnay however it has the additional spice dimension of Gewurztraminer. The classic fruit character is of apple and pear with the extra touch of cloves and spice.
In recent years, the focus on analyzing and rating wines has increased to an extent. Unfortunately, crowdsourcing wine ratings are like asking a child about it. The best way to identify the Best Wine in India is to learn about the qualities through the fundamental traits of them and pick the best one you would like to prefer. But before identifying the qualities of wines in India, it is important to first learn about characteristics of tasting a wine because wine is a compound subject that is combined with culture, agriculture, history, geology, and genetics. Wine tasting is a very subjective art. Diverse varietals appeal to tasters for different reasons. For instance, if an individual prefers sweet white wines, then he would not like even the best quality red wine. Thus, there are some general characteristics which define the quality of a good wine.
Excellent vintage and good quality grapes:
Varietal of wines is produced from a varied range of grapes grown all over the world. The climatic condition a region also affects the quality of a Best Wine in India, such as a red wine produced in France will taste differently from a wine produced in India. This is the reason why certain regions are well-known for producing certain wine varietals.
The wines produced even from the high-quality of grapes and in favorable climatic conditions, still it may contain faults during a wine-making process producing a wine borderline drinkable. The faults incurred during the manufacturing process include poor corking, taint, excessive acetic acid, over sulfuring and hydrogen-sulphide, and over-oxidation. Barrel taint is triggered by wine being stored in unhygienic barrels. And, inaccurately corked wine will have a flavor musty and sour.
Proper balance and complexity:
Best Wine in India not only tastes good, but it also contains a proper balance of intricate flavors. Tannins and acids must be balanced properly concerning sweeter and deeper flavors for producing a quality wine. Because a wine’s complexity is judged only by the balance of a number of flavors which is considered as an important mark to judge the quality of a wine produced.
The Indian wine market is emerging at around 25 percent every year. India’s domestic wine industry has taken notice of their increasing wine consuming population because the Indian population is getting influenced by an international variety of wines advertised on an internet and television. The import duty charged for exporting a wine is 250% more than the actual market value of a wine which strongly motivated the entrepreneurs to develop Wine Companies in India. An overall sale and consumption of wine, beer, and other alcoholic beverages are increasing at a rate of 30% each year. It is good news that still India has the lowest per capita consumption of wine only about 19ml.
For setting a vineyard to produce fine wines, Wine Companies in India requires a capital amount of around 4-8 Crores for 1, 00,000 liters wine including the cost of land, machinery, infrastructure, and plantation. Investment necessities for economic ‘fortified wines’ would possibly be a third of that – approximately between Rs 1.25 crore and Rs 2.5 crore per 100 KL.
Investment in the Wine Companies in India was earlier influenced by the passion or misguidance in the returns available. But today company like Four Season Vineyards is leading the wine market and is making profitable money by serving quality-based wines, while other wine companies are still struggling for marking their presence in the market. With more than 50% of the wineries has been shut or lying dormant. New vineyards would comprehend a variety of business models from big mechanized vineyards and industrial-scale vineyards manufacturing decent-quality but low-cost wines to boutique wineries generating small quantities of world-class wines. However, to appeal investment the wine industry must have the vision to become largely profitable, along with positive cash flows over time. This, in turn, means that costs of manufacturing need to decrease including high-label registration fees and non-sensical inter-state fees with the quality improvement.
The percentage of wine consumption is rising with every passing day in India. People have been consuming wine for the fun and enjoyment since thousands of years. Today, industries producing the Best Wine in India are evolving to a great extent using advanced techniques and methodology to produce best taste wines matching the international quality standards of a wine. But, to make a good wine it is essential to taste it before packaging and supplying in the market. A good vintage wine taste is something which not everyone can understand. To become a wine taster professional, you don’t need to have a professional degree. Wine tasters work in bars, wineries, hotels and write reviews for the magazines as sommeliers. Sommeliers taste the wine and choose the foods with which to pair that particular vintage. Wine tasting can be a rewarding off-beat career, both personally and financially.
The syllabus of courses offered to become a sommelier includes learning about vineyards, climatic and geographical condition for the cultivation of grapes, and understanding alcoholic components as well as teaches to blend Best Wine in India with the right combination of food, preparing cocktails etc. While you decide to opt for a career to become a sommelier, it is important to have the basic information about the wine. It is best to join some good vineyards to understand closely the process, techniques, and methods to produce the best wines.
Having a career in wine tasting comes with a host of another opening as well such as a wine journalist, wine writer, wine critic, sommelier, food and wine person, a lecturer in wine academics, wine educator, consumer trainer, etc. Even a little passion can delight a professional with great perks of income in a long way with the right exposure.